Monday, 23 December 2013

Which Fish Are Suitable for Aquaponics in BC?

Certain fishes popular to aquaponics may not be suited for British Columbia for different reasons.

Raising your own fish has many merits for reasons far and near. However, it is not easy to determine which fish is right for your aquaponic system. For instance, British Columbia is known to have a cooler climate than many tropical areas and extra measures may be needed to raise temperate fish, e.g. water heaters. If you are unable to commit a lot of time to care for your fishes, perhaps a more durable species may be suitable. If you plan to raise fish for commercial aquaculture or otherwise there may be specific obstacles and it may be prudent to find independent legal advice from a professional or the relevant government organ before proceeding. Below is a table that will help guide you through some suspected challenges depending on the fish species you choose for your aquaponic system.

 Species
Comments
Pictures
barramundi[1]
Water may need to be heated for optimal health(1).
bass, blue gill sunfish, crappies[2]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
blackfish (Sacramento)[3]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
bowfin[4]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
buffalo fish[5]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
carp[6]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
catfish[7]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
crayfish (yabbies)[8]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
drum (sheepshead)[9]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
eel[10]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
gars[11]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
gold fish[12]
Less hardy than tilapia.
golden perch[13]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
jade perch[14]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
koi carp[15]
Water may need to be heated for optimal health.
lamprey[16]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
minnow (fathead)[17]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
moon snail[18]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
murray cod[19]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
oyster crab[20]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
oyster drill[21]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
pacu[22]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
pike[23]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
quillback and carpsucker[24]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
rainbow trout[25] including brook and brown.
May be sensitive to water conditions(3).
roach[26]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
rock lobster[27]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
rudd[28]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
sable fish[29]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
salmon[30] (including Atlantic, sockeye etcetera)
May be sensitive to water conditions.
shad and alewife[31]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
sleepy cod[32]
Consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies.
stickleback[33]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
sucker[34]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(2).
tilapia[35]
Water may need to be heated for optimal health(3).
Some species may pose a problem with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand(4).
yellow perch[36]
There may be specific issues with respect to importing live to BC; thus, please consult with relevant legal professionals and regulatory bodies beforehand.

If you are unsure what combination of fish and plants to use for your specific aquaponic system please feel free to contact us at david[at]justaquaponics.ca.

Further reading:

1. Schipp G, Bosmans J, Humphrey J. Northern Terriotory Barramundi Farming Handbook [Internet]. Northern Territory Government Deparment of Resources; 2007 [cited 2013 Dec 14]. Available from: http://www.nt.gov.au/d/Content/File/p/Aquaculture/NT_Barra_Farming_Handbook.pdf
2. Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. Pacific Fishery Regulations CRC 1993 [Internet]. SOR/93-54. Sect. 5 Mar 8, 2013. Available from: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-93-54/page-20.html#docCont
3. Klontz GW. Manual for Rainbow Trout Production on the Family-Owend Farm [Internet]. Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, University of Idaho; 1991 [cited 2013 Dec 10]. Available from: http://aqua.ucdavis.edu/DatabaseRoot/pdf/TROUTMAN.PDF
4. Popma T, Masser M. Tilapia Life History and Biology [Internet]. Southern Regional Aquaculture Centre; 1999 [cited 2013 Dec 11]. Available from: https://srac.tamu.edu/index.cfm/event/getFactSheet/whichfactsheet/53/

[1] Also known as Lates calcarifer.
[2] Also known as Acantharchus, Ambloplites, Centrarchus, Enneacanthus, Lepomis, Micropterus, Morone, Perca, Percina, Pomoxis and Stizostedium.
[3] Also known as Orthodon.
[4] Also known as Amia calva.
[5] Also known as Ictiobus.
[6] Also known as Catla, Cirrhina, Ctenopharyngodon, Cyprinus, Hypothal michthys, Labeo and Mylopharyngodon.
[7] Also known as Clarias, Ictalurus and Noturus.
[8] Also known as Cherax.
[9] Also known as Aplodinotus.
[10] Also known as Anguilla.
[11] Also known as Lepisosteus.
[12] Also known as Carassius.
[13] Also known as Acantharchus, Ambloplites, Centrarchus, Enneacanthus, Lepomis, Micropterus, Morone, Perca, Percina, Pomoxis and Stizostedium.
[14] Also known as Scortum barcoo.
[15] Also known as Cyprinus.
[16] Also known as Ichthyomyzan, Lampetra and Petromyzon.
[17] Also known as Pimephales promelas.
[18] Also known as Polinices.
[19] Also known as Maccullochella peelii.
[20] Also known as Pinnotheres.
[21] Also known as Thais, Ocenebra and Urosalpinx.
[22] Also known as Metynnis, Mylossoma and Myleus.
[23] Also known as Esox.
[24] Also known as Carpiodes.
[25] Also known as Oncorhynchus.
[26] Also known as Leuciscus.
[27] Also known as Jasus.
[28] Also known as Scardinius.
[29] Also known as Anoplopoma.
[30] Also known as Oncorhynchus and Salmo.
[31] Also known as Alosa and Dorosoma.
[32] Also known as Oxyeleotris lineolata and Eleotris lineolata.
[33] Also known as Apeltes, Culaea (Eucalia), Gasteroteus steus and Pungitius.
[34] Also known as Catostomus, Cycleptus, Erimyzon, Hypenelium, Minytrema and Moxostoma.
[35] Also known as Tilapia.
[36] Also known as Perca flavescens.

2 comments:

  1. Is anyone raising barramundi in BC yet? Is it legal in BC?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Gayle. There are a few Barramundi growers in BC. You can search this page for the word. http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/licence-permis/docs/fresh-douce-eng.html

    ReplyDelete