Organic production is a holistic system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the ecosystem, including soil, sediment and benthic organisms; crops; livestock and people. The principal goal of organic production is to develop operations that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment.
This standard describes the principles and management standards of organic production systems, and provides lists of substances that are allowed for use in organic production systems.
Organic production is based on the following general principles:
- Principle of health – Organic production should sustain and enhance the health of water, soil, plants, animals, humans and the planet as one and indivisible.
- Principle of ecology – Organic production should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
- Principle of fairness – Organic production should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
- Principle of care – Organic production should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.